If you really want to learn about Bitcoin then there really is no quick way. You will need to put some time into reading. A few hours spent reading a general Bitcoin book could put you ahead of 96% of the rest of the population. This will then either peak your interest and lead you onto investing time learning more or turn you off so is time wisely spent.
Some recommended books:
Bitcoin Whitepaper by Satoshi Nakamoto
The Bitcoin Standard by Saifedean Ammous
Mastering Bitcoin by Andreas M. Antonopoulos
Cryptocurrency – A Trader’s Handbook: A Complete Guide On How To Trade Bitcoin And Altcoins by Marvin Neuefeind & Marcin Kacperczyk
Inventing Bitcoin by Yan Pritzker
Books will give you a great introduction and explanation of Bitcoin, its origins and where it may go in the future. To learn more current information about specific cryptoassets, the market, what influential people are talking about and every other subject imaginable then its worth visiting our favourite articles and the following sites:
These sites are great for more in-depth articles and it is worth slowly building up the list of contributors that you follow and then you can choose to be regularly emailed notifications of new content from those you follow. Many good contributors, discussion and articles can be found via BitcoinTwitter (#Bitcoin).
It can be hard to keep up to date on what is happening in the Bitcoin markets and development so signing up for articles as above is a great time saver, it is also worth signing up for regular curated Bitcoin newsletters.